• Rule of thumb for sizing commercial kitchen

    2013 8 20 We are architects and are starting preliminary site design on a new restaurant The chef owner doesn t have a good sense of how large his kitchen needs to be He said 80SF for a restaurant and bar that seats 350 total 50 at the bar 150 in the restaurant and 150 in an event space room My

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  • Energy Management Design Rules of Thumb

    2013 6 6 If you are looking for 100 space heating with Storage program figure 15 to 17 watts per square foot Plenum Heaters Plenum heaters can be sized using 8 to 10 watts per square foot with 8 foot ceilings Use 15 kW models in structures 1500 2000 square feet Use 20 kW models in structures 2000 2500 square feet

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  • Rules of Thumb

    2014 7 25 steel weight is building height A rough approximation for steel weight per square foot in a braced building using steel with Fy = 50 ksi is Wt psf = stories/3 7 A three story building would have a steel weight in the range of 8 psf and a 27 story building would require 16 psf Certainly this relationship is an over simplification

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  • LAND USE DENSITIES RULES OF THUMB These

    2021 2 19 RULES OF THUMB Land Use Densities as 5 000 square feet of these uses Number of different uses At least 5 to 15 types mixed with residential Minimum net FAR Bus 3 0> 1 0> 0 5 Rail 3 0> 2 0 1 5 per retail square footage ratio of three stalls per 1 000 square feet

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  • Building Costs per Square Foot

    Self Build Cost Evaluation Estimating the Cost per Square Foot and Building Prices How to Estimate costs of building such as on a square foot basis and working out prices of materials for your build Estimate the cost of building a house extension or loft conversion and

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  • Electrical Thumb Rules You MUST Follow Part 1

    2021 1 18 As per IEEE Metering CT 0 3B0 1 rated Metering CT is accu­rate to 0 3 percent if the connected secondary burden if imped­ance does not exceed 0 1 ohms As per IEEE Relaying Protection CT 2 5C100 Relaying CT is accurate within 2 5 percent if the secondary burden is less than 1 0 ohm 100 volts/100A Go to Content ↑ Quick Electrical

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  • Load On Column Beam Slab

    2 days ago So the Self–weight of each square meter of the slab would be = 0 125 x 1 x 2400 = 300 kg which is equivalent to 3 kN Now If we consider the Finishing load to be 1 kN per meter and superimposed live load to be 2 kN per meter So from the above data we can estimate the slab load to be around 6 to 7 kN per square meter

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  • How Much Office Space Do I Need

    2021 10 26 A Rule of Thumb According to one commercial real estate company the average square feet per person allocation in U S offices ranges from 150 to 175 square feet 125 to 175 feet for tech companies that have open office designs The company suggests the following as a starting point for determining adequate square footage

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  • UPS Sizing

    2009 4 30 Not so long ago I was telling someone that I don t use rules of thumb as most things are easily calculated anyhow As it turns out last week I ended up sizing some UPS using what can only be described as rules of thumb In deference to my change of heart here are my UPS sizing rules of thumb First rule kW and kVA are related by 0 8

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  • Infiltration Rules of Thumb

    2 days ago Infiltration Rules of Thumb The infiltration rate is the volumetric flow rate of outside air into a building typically in cubic feet per minute CFM or liters per second LPS The air exchange rate I is the number of interior volume air changes that occur per hour and has units of 1/h

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  • Aquaponic Gardening Rules of Thumb The Aquaponic

    Steps for Planning your System From grow bed area determine the fish weight required pounds or kg using the ratio rule 1 lb 5 kg of fish for every 1 sq ft 1 sq m of grow bed surface area assuming the beds are at least 12″ 30 cm deep Determine fish tank volume from the stocking density rule above 1 pound fish per 5 7 gallons

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  • Manual J Load Calculations vs

    2016 9 7 I posted the square feet per ton results we got from 40 Manual J load calculations in hot and mixed climates The average was 1 431 but you can t use that to size air conditioners You have to do an actual load calculation Those 40 results ranged from a low of 624 to a high of 3 325 sf/ton 2

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  • Electrical Thumb Rules You MUST Follow Part 1

    2021 1 18 As per IEEE Metering CT 0 3B0 1 rated Metering CT is accu­rate to 0 3 percent if the connected secondary burden if imped­ance does not exceed 0 1 ohms As per IEEE Relaying Protection CT 2 5C100 Relaying CT is accurate within 2 5 percent if the secondary burden is less than 1 0 ohm 100 volts/100A Go to Content ↑ Quick Electrical

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  • Rules Of Thumb Masonry

    2018 5 17 Rules Of Thumb Block 1 125 blocks per square foot of wall area 75 of length of wall gives number of block per course Wall height in feet times 1 5 equals number of courses Brick 7 Standard bricks per square foot of wall area 5 5 Engineer oversized brick per square foot of wall area 1½ bricks per running foot of wall

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  • Formulas

    2008 3 16 V = Oil velocity in feet per second GPM = Flow in gallons per minute A = Inside area of pipe in square inches Rule of thumb Pump suction lines 2 to 4 feet/second Pressure lines up to 500 PSI10 to 15 fps Pressure lines 500 to 3000 PSI15 to 20 fps Pressure lines over 3000 PSI25 fps All oil lines in air over oil system4 fps fps

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  • How Many Tons of AC Do I Need Per Square Foot

    2018 4 26 Assuming the minimum cooling capacity of 400 square feet per ton for your HVAC unit a 1600 square foot home will require 4 0 tons of air conditioning to cool Your HVAC unit will need to remove about 4 0 x 12 000 BTUs or 48 000 BTUs per hour to keep your home cool This can change depending on the state of your home s insulation ducts

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  • Price Per Square Foot Analysis 4 Tips For Pricing A Home

    2015 9 8 There are a few exceptions to this rule of thumb Upgrades that add square footage such as an extra bedroom or an extra bath normally increase the value For example if you convert a three

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  • LAND USE DENSITIES RULES OF THUMB These

    2021 2 19 RULES OF THUMB Land Use Densities as 5 000 square feet of these uses Number of different uses At least 5 to 15 types mixed with residential Minimum net FAR Bus 3 0> 1 0> 0 5 Rail 3 0> 2 0 1 5 per retail square footage ratio of three stalls per 1 000 square feet

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  • Rules of Thumb

    The Rules of Thumb have been created by referencing various contemporary sources in the building services industry and can reasonably be held to reflect current design practices The sources include major building services design consultancies concept and scheme design reports produced by construction project teams leading plant and equipment

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  • Heat requirement per square Meter or Feet

    2019 9 3 29 834 Thanks Received 9 057 Country Between 36 btu s per cubic ft It takes roughly twice as much to cool than it does heat Minimum for a truly well insulated house is around 35W/m2 Biggles 5 Nov 2011 #7

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  • How Contractors Really Size Air Conditioning Systems

    2020 2 5 of Florida air conditioning contractors to identify how they 19 600 square feet 13 450 square feet 9 and size systems While statistical results have been previously 550 square feet 7 per ton of cooling The weighted reported Vieira et al 1995 this paper considers in greater average was 502 square feet per ton The range was

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  • Structural Engineering Design Rules of Thumb

    2016 4 18 Design Rules of Thumb In the early stages of a project we are often asked how large structural elements will be before we have had a chance to perform the nec essary computations We have found the follow ing rules of thumb to be useful in estimating the approximate depth of a structural member as well

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  • Load On Column Beam Slab

    2 days ago So the Self–weight of each square meter of the slab would be = 0 125 x 1 x 2400 = 300 kg which is equivalent to 3 kN Now If we consider the Finishing load to be 1 kN per meter and superimposed live load to be 2 kN per meter So from the above data we can estimate the slab load to be around 6 to 7 kN per square meter

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  • Chapter 3 Design Loads for Residential Buildings

    2007 11 14 Residential Buildings 3 1 General Loads are a primary consideration in any building design because they define the nature and magnitude of hazards or external forces that a building must resist to provide reasonable performance i e safety and serviceability throughout the structure s useful life The anticipated loads are influenced by a

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  • RULES OF THUMB FOR STRUCTURAL STEEL DESIGN

    2020 1 6 foot of span If a steel girder must span 24 feet between columns it should be at least 18 deep 2 Deeper is cheaper All other things being equal a deeper wide flange beam will be more economical than a shallower one There are exceptions to this rule but it is generally correct 3 Cantilever one to three

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  • Use Best Practices to Design Data Center Facilities

    2021 8 10 location building selection space layout and building systems design 1 1 Density vs Capacity Tactical Guidelines As a general rule plan for the data center to scale from 50 watts to 100 watts per square foot that is in a raised floor area increase capacity on a modular basis

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  • Cupola Sizing Guidelines Diagrams

    CUPOLA SIZING GUIDELINES 1 Determine the length of the ridge line of your building roof where the cupola will be installed 2 Most architects would agree that the formula of 1 to 1 1/2 of cupola BASE per foot of roofline is pleasing to most eyes For example a normal two garage with a 24 ridge line would accept a cupola with a 24

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  • RULES OF THUMB FOR STRUCTURAL STEEL DESIGN

    2020 1 6 foot of span If a steel girder must span 24 feet between columns it should be at least 18 deep 2 Deeper is cheaper All other things being equal a deeper wide flange beam will be more economical than a shallower one There are exceptions to this rule but it is generally correct 3 Cantilever one to three

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  • Thumb Rulers For Civil Engineers

    3 Thumb Rules For Civil Engineers to estimate the Shuttering area Shuttering costs is taken as 15 18 of the total construction of the building Shuttering work is done to bring the concrete in Shape Thumb rule to estimate the shuttering required is 6 times the quantity of concrete or 2 4 times of Plinth area

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  • Cooling Load Rules of Thumb

    2021 11 4 Banks Court Houses Municipal Buildings Town Halls Total Heat 200–250 sq ft /ton Range 160–340 Total Heat 48–60 Btuh/sq ft Range 35–75

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  • How to Calculate the Weight of a Steel Plate

    2020 10 9 Calculating the Weight of Carbon Steel Plate To calculate the weight of carbon steel plate you ll need to know the thickness width length and quantity The typical density for carbon steel plate is 0 284 pounds per cubic inches 490 pounds/cubic feet imperial or 7 85 tons/cubic meters metric

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  • Explore further

    Rules of thumbStructural engineering general discussion eng tipsRules of thumb for steel structuresSAISCsaiscStructural Engineering Design Rules of ThumbieiusaHow To Find Depth Of Beam By Thumb RuleEngineering engineeringdiscoveriesRecommended to you based on what s popular Feedback PDF

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  • Chapter 3 Design Loads for Residential Buildings

    2007 11 14 Residential Buildings 3 1 General Loads are a primary consideration in any building design because they define the nature and magnitude of hazards or external forces that a building must resist to provide reasonable performance i e safety and serviceability throughout the structure s useful life The anticipated loads are influenced by a

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  • Heat requirement per square Meter or Feet

    2019 9 3 29 834 Thanks Received 9 057 Country Between 36 btu s per cubic ft It takes roughly twice as much to cool than it does heat Minimum for a truly well insulated house is around 35W/m2 Biggles 5 Nov 2011 #7

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  • How Much Office Space Do I Need

    2021 10 26 A Rule of Thumb According to one commercial real estate company the average square feet per person allocation in U S offices ranges from 150 to 175 square feet 125 to 175 feet for tech companies that have open office designs The company suggests the following as a starting point for determining adequate square footage

    Get Price
  • Weight of Steel Structures per Area of Building

    2007 2 9 RE Weight of Steel Structures per Area of Building MillR Structural 9 Feb 07 11 57 Choosing the material and structural system for a given building is a bit of an artperhaps these clients would prefer wood on the lighter buildings and concrete on the heavier if it s simply their dislike of steel

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  • HVAC Equations Data and Rules of Thumb

    2020 3 3 A Building loads are based on building gross square footage B Building loads generally include ventilation and make up air requirements C Building loads should be calculated using the ASHRAE Handbook of Fundamen tals or similar computational procedure in lieu of using these rules of thumb for final designs

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  • How To Calculate Square Footage In Your Facility The

    2019 8 12 You can take this process a step further and add cleaning costs to the equation Multiply total cleanable square footage by a base price for cleaning For instance if your total area to be cleaned is 5 000 square feet and the price per square foot is 25 cents you can multiply 0 25 times 5 000 to get a total of 1 250 for cleaning fees

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  • Construction Board Thumb Rules for Highrise Building to

    2019 8 21 One Sqm = 10 763Sft One Cum = 35 314 Cft One Acres = 4046 873 Sqm = 43560 17 Sft = 4840 019Yards One Cubic meter = 1000 liter One Meter = 3 280Feet

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  • HVAC Rule of Thumb Calculator

    2018 9 6 The building type is used to provide the appropriate square foot per ton value and airflow CFM per square foot value Apartment Mid/High Rise Description This building type can be used for apartments or condominiums that are larger than single family homes or multi family dwellings An apartment building under this type can be a high rise

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